Most students need to understand how sump pump work if their line of specialization borders in fixing them. This is a small tool installed at the lowest part of your basement, and it helps keep the area dry.
The American Society of Home Inspectors estimates that about 60 percent of American homes have a problem with underground wetness. It does not take much water to have property worth thousands of dollars damaged. Moist basements are also health hazards as they cause mold and mildew growth.
Learn how a sump pump works below.
Mode of Operation
A sump pump is installed in a sump pit, which is 2 feet deep and with a gravel base. This pit is at the lowest part of a home’s basement or crawlspace, and as the hole fills with water, the sump pump switch is activated. They are fitted with a float activator arm which senses pressure exerted by water.
It works the same way as the one in the toilet where a buoyant ball floats on water and moves the lever upwards to activate the pump. Once activated, the pump forces water out of the basement through pipes that run out of your home to a place where it is drained from your foundation.
The typical sump pump uses a centrifugal pump where the motor causes an impeller to turn and force water to the sides of the pipe. The pump has a valve to prevent backflow.
Types of Sump Pumps
There are two basic sump pump types – the submersible pump and the pedestal pump. The submersible pump stays under the water and has a casing that keeps it waterproof. It has a flat screen or a grate that keeps debris water and allows water in when the pump is turned on.
A pedestal pump, on the other end, comes as a long stick bearing a flat head. The pedestal pump will keep water away from your foundation even when your pit is full. It has an inlet pipe that reaches down the pit to get water out.
Most sump pumps are electric and need simple grounded wiring to work. However, there are those that run on battery saving you in case of power outage.
What Sets Different Sump Pumps Apart?
Sump pumps are either automatic or manual. Automatic pumps go on when the pit fills with water while manual units have to be turned on by the homeowner. Different sump pumps feature different horsepower and head pressure to accommodate different applications. If you pump highly viscous liquid, you need a heavy duty unit.
The voltage, the cord length and the backup and alarm systems also set sump pumps apart. You can look at Zoeller m53 review to see common features in a sump pump.
Get a Sump Pump
If you need a sump pump for your home, you still need to learn how the unit works as this helps you diagnose it when it is not working. If you need to learn how to repair the unit, you can enroll for a cause that will train you in that.